Emodnet-Arctic

Alien Species

The Alien Species Challenge provides information on the introduction and distribution of alien species in the Arctic Ocean, and on the impact on the ecosystem and economy. Collected information includes taxonomy, geography, introduced range and year of introduction, vector or reason for introduction and impacts. Maps are constructed showing the area in the Arctic where the species is introduced.  

From the search for information from databases, it appeared that there is no actual or complete list on Arctic alien species available. Therefore, scientific literature was consulted to construct a list of species, which now accounts 94 species (58 crustaceans, 13 algae, 9 Chordata, 14 others). Required information for these species is collected. For well-known invasive species compiled information can be found relevant for this challenge, however, for many species compiled information is not or only partly available. Most databases that deal with alien species do not include the Arctic region, whereas databases that concern the Arctic region, do not, or only partly cover the species identified to be alien.  

All collected information will be stored in a factsheet and later shown on a map.

Group Scientific Name
Macroalgae Bonnemaisonia hamifera
Macroalgae Codium fragile
Marcoalgae Caulacanthus ustulatus
Marcoalgae Chroodactylon ornatum
Marcoalgae Dumontia contorta
Marcoalgae Fucus cottonii
Marcoalgae Fucus serratus
Marcoalgae Microspongium globosum
Marcoalgae Sargassum muticum
Phytoplankton Heterosigma akashiwo
Phytoplankton Mediopyxis helysia
Phytoplankton Neodenticula seminae
Phytoplankton Stephanopyxis turris
Bryozoa Schizoporella unicornis
Fish Acanthogobius flavimanus
Fish Dallia pectoralis
Fish Esox lucius
Fish Oncorhynchus mykiss
Fish Platichtys flesus
Fish Salvelinus fontinalis
Tunicata Botrylloides schlosseri
Tunicata Botrylloides violaceus
Tunicata Ciona intestinalis
Amphipoda Ampelisca abdita
Amphipoda Crassicorophium bonellii
Amphipoda Gammarus zaddachi
Amphipoda Gammarus daiberi
Amphipoda Grandidierella japonica
Amphipoda Jassa marmorata
Amphipoda Monocorophium acherusicum
Amphipoda Sinocorophium heteroceratum
Cirripedia Amphibalanus amphitrite
Cirripedia Amphibalanus eburneus
Cirripedia Amphibalanus improvisus
Cirripedia Amphibalanus reticulatus
Cirripedia Austrominius modestus
Cirripedia Balanus trigonus
Cirripedia Conchoderma virgatum
Cirripedia Megabalanus spinosus
Cirripedia Megabalanus tintinnabulum
Cirripedia Megabalanus coccopoma
Cladocera Acantholeberis curvirostris
Cladocera Evadne nordmanni
Cladocera Podon leuckartii
Copepoda Acartia clausii
Copepoda Acartia tonsa
Copepoda Acartiella sinensis
Copepoda Anomalocera patersoni
Copepoda Calanus helgolandicus
Copepoda Centropages hamatus
Copepoda Centropages typicus
Copepoda Eurytemora affinis
Copepoda Heterolaophonte ströemi
Copepoda Isias clavipes
Copepoda Limnoithona tetraspina
Copepoda Metridia lucens
Copepoda Nitocra lacustris
Copepoda Oithona davisae
Copepoda Parapontella brevicornis
Copepoda Paronychocamptus huntsmani
Copepoda Pseudodiaptimus forbesi
Copepoda Pseudodiaptimus marinus
Copepoda Schizopera clandestina
Copepoda Sinocalanus doerrii
Copepoda Temora longicornis
Copepoda Tortanus dextrilobatus
Crustacea Caprella mutica
Crustacea Chionoecetes opilio
Crustacea Paralithodes camtschaticus
Decapoda Cancer irroratus
Decapoda Cancer pagurus
Decapoda Carcinus maenas
Decapoda Crangon crangon
Decapoda Hemigrapsus takanoi
Isopoda Eurydice pulchra
Isopoda Idotea linearis
Mysida Acanthomysis bowmani
Mysida Mesopodopsis slabberi
Foraminiferan Trochammina hadai
Hydroid Garveia franciscana
Mollusc Cerastoderma edule
Mollusc Mya arenaria
Nematoda Ascolaimus sp.
Nematoda Axonolaimidae
Nematoda Daptonema tenuispiculum
Nematoda Geomonhystera sp.
Nematoda Prochromadora orleji
Plant Cotula coronopifolia
Polychaeta Heteromastus filiformis
Polychaeta Scolelepis sp.
Polychaeta Spiophanes kroeyeri
Sponge Cliona thoosina

 

map alien species